Genera & Species

Molecular studies

Molecular studies

This section contains references of some molecular studies of boletes, being of interest for advanced readers.

Besl, H. & Bresinsky, A. 1997. Chemosystematics of Suillaceae and Gomphidiaceae (suborder Suillineae). – Plant Systematics and Evolution 206: 223–242.

Beugelsdijk, D.C.M., van der Linde, S., Zuccarello, G.C., den Bakker, H.C., Draisma, S.G.A. & Noordeloos, M.E. 2008. A phylogenetic study of Boletus section Boletus in Europe. – Persoonia 20: 1–7. (available online)

Binder, M. 1999. Zur molekularen Systematik der Boletales: Boletineae und Sclerodermatineae subordo nov. Dissertation zur Erlangung des Doktorgrades. Universit?t Regensburg, Regensburg.

Binder M. & Besl H. 2000. 28S rDNA sequence data and chemotaxonomical analyses on the generic concept of Leccinum (Boletales). – In: Micologia 2000. Pp. 71–82. Associazone Micologica Bresadola, Trento.

Binder, M. & Hibett, D.S. 2006. Molecular systematics and diversification of Boletales. – Mycologia 98: 971–981. (available online)

Bridge, P.D., Arora, D.K., Reddy, C.A. & Elander, R.P. 1998. Application of PCR in mycology. CAB International, Wallingford.

Bruns, T.D., Fogel, R. & Taylor, J.W. 1990. Amplification and sequencing of DNA from fungal herbarium specimens. – Mycologia 82: 175–184. (available online)

Bruns, T.D. & Palmer, J.D. 1989. Evolution of mushroom mitochondrial DNA: Suillus and related genera. – Journal of Molecular Evolution 28: 349–362.

Bruns, T.D., Palmer, J.D., Shumard, D.S., Grossman, L.I. & Hudspeth, M.E. 1988. Mitochondrial DNAs of Suillus: three fold size change in molecules that share a common gene order. – Current Genetics 13: 49–56. (available online)

Den Bakker, H.C., Gravendeel, B. & Kuyper, Th.W. 2004. An ITS phylogeny of Leccinum and an analysis of the evolution of the minisatellite-like sequences within ITS1. – Mycologia 96: 102–118. (available online)

Den Bakker, H.C. & Noordeloos, M.E. 2005. A revision of European species of Leccinum Gray and notes on extralimital species. – Persoonia 18: 511–587.

Den Bakker, H.C., Zuccarello, G.C., Kuyper, Th.W. & Noordeloos, M.E. 2004. Evolution and host specificity in the ectomycorrhizal genus Leccinum. – New Phytologist 163: 201–215. (available online)

Den Bakker, H.C., Zuccarello, G.C., Kuyper, T.W. & Noordeloos M.E. 2007. Phylogeographic patterns in Leccinum sect. Scabra and the status of the arctic-alpine species L. rotundifoliae. – Mycological Research 111: 663–672.

Dentinger, B.T.M., Ammirati, J.F., Both, E.E, Desjardin, D.E., Halling, R.E., Henkel, T.W., Moreau, P.-A., Nagasawa, E., Soytong, K., Taylor, A.F., Watling, R., Moncalvo, J.M. & McLaughlin, D.J. 2010. Molecular phylogenetics of porcini mushrooms (Boletus section Boletus). – Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57: 1276–1292. (available online)

Drehmel, D., James, T. & Vilgalys, R. 2008. Molecular phylogeny and biodiversity of the boletes. – Fungi 1(4): 17–23. (available online)

Ebenhardt, U. & Taylor, A.S.F. 2005. Molecular systematics of boletoid fungi. – In: Mu?oz, J.A. Boletus s. l. Fungi Europaei. Vol. 1. Pp. 35–43. Edizioni Candusso, Alassio.

Feng, B., Xu, J., Wu, G., Hosen, M.I., Zeng, N.K., Li, Y.C., Tolgor, B., Kost, G.W. & Yang, Z.L. 2012. DNA sequence analyses reveal abundant diversity, endemism and evidence for Asian origin of the porcini mushrooms. – PLoS One 7(5):e37567 (available online)

Grubisha, L.C., Trappe, J.M., Molina, R. & Spatafora, J.W. 2001. Biology of the ectomycorrhizal genus Rhizopogon. V. Phylogenetic relationships in the Boletales inferred from LSU rDNA sequences. – Mycologia 93: 82–89. (available online)

Hibbett, D.S. & Binder, M. 2002. Evolution of complex fruiting-body morphologies in homobasidiomycetes. – Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B – Biological Sciences 269: 1963–1969. (available online)

Jarosch, M. 2001. Zur molekularen Systematik der Boletales: Coniophorineae, Paxillineae und Suillineae. – In: Bibliotheca Mycologica. Vol. 191. Pp. 1–158. J. Cramer Verlag, Berlin – Stuttgard.

Jarosch, M. & Bresinsky, A. 1999. Speciation and Phylogenetic Distances within Paxillus s. str. (Basidiomycetes, Boletales). – Plant Biology 1: 701–705.

Kirchmair, M., Morandell, S., Stolz, D. & P?der, R. 2004. Phylogeny of the genus Omphalotus based on nuclear ribosomal DNA-sequences. – Mycologia 96: 1253–1260. (available online)

Korhonen, M., Liimatainen, K. & Niskanen, T. 2009: A new boletoid fungus, Boletus pinetorum, in the Boletus section Boletus from Fennoscandia (Basidiomycota, Boletales). – Karstenia 49: 41–60.

Kretzer, A.M. & Bruns, T.D. 1999. Use of atp6 in fungal phylogenetics: an example from the Boletales. – Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 13: 483–492. (available online)

Kretzer, A., Li, Y., Szaro, T.M. & Bruns, T.D. 1996. Internal transcribed spacer sequences from 38 recognized species of Suillus sensu lato: Phylogenetic and taxonomic implications. – Mycologia 88: 776–785. (available online as html)

Leonardi, M. Paolucci, F., Rubini, A., Simonini, G. & Pacioni, G. 2005. Assessment of inter- and intra-specific variability in the main species of Boletus edulis complex by ITS analysis. – FEMS Microbiology Letters 243: 411–416.

Li, Y.C., Yang, Z.L. & Tolgor, B. 2009. Phylogenetic and biogeographic relationships of Chroogomphus species as inferred from molecular and morphological data. – Fungal Diversity 38: 85–104. (available online)

Lian , B., Zang, J., Hou, W., Yuan, S. & Smith, D. 2008. PCR-based sensitive detection of the edible fungus Boletus edulis from rDNA ITS sequnces. – Electronic Journal of Biotechnology 11(3): 1–8. (available online)

Marques, G. & Mu?oz, J.A. 2006. R?vision des esp?ces europ?ennes du genre Boletus section Appendiculati. ?tude sur la base de caracteres morphologique et d’analyse des polymorphismes des fragments de restriction (PCR-RFLP). – Bulletin Trimestriel de la Soci?t? Mycologique de France 122: 353–366.

Mello, A., Ghignone, S., Vizzini, A., Sechi, C., Ruiu, P. & Bonfante, P. 2006. ITS primers for the identification of marketable boletes. – Journal of Biotechnology 121: 318–329.

Miller, O.K. 2003. The Gomphidiaceae revisited: a worldwide perspective. – Mycologia 95: 176–183. (available online)

Moor, D., Brodmann, P., Nicholas, G. & Eugster, A. 2002. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the detection of king bolete (Boletus edulis) and slippery jack (Suillus luteus) in food samples. – European Food Research and Technology 214: 340–345.

Neves, M.A., Binder, M., Halling, R., Hibbett, D. & Soytong, K. (in press). The phylogeny of selected Phylloporus species inferred from NUC-LSU and ITS sequences, and descriptions of new species from the Old World. – Fungal Diversity 55: 109–123. (available online)

Peitner, U. Ladurner, H. & Simonini, G. 2003. Xerocomus cisalpinus sp. nov., and the delimitation of species in the X. chrysenteron complex based on morphology and rDNA-LSU sequences. – Mycological research 107: 659–679.

Ruiz-D?ez, B., Rinc?n, A.M., de Felipe, M.R. & Fern?ndez-Pascual, M. 2006. Molecular characterization and evaluation of mycorrhizal capacity of Suillus isolates from Central Spain for the selection of fungal inoculants. – Mycorrhiza 16: 465–474.

Taylor A.F.S. & Hills, A. 2001. Delineazione delle specie europee del genere Xerocomus utilizzando la sequenza dello spaziatore interno trascritto (ITS). – Micologia e Vegetazione Mediterranea 16: 46–54.

Taylor, A.F.S., Hills, A.E., Simonini, G., Both, E.E. & Eberhardt, U. 2006. Detection of species within the Xerocomus subtomentosus complex in Europe using rDNA–ITS sequences. – Mycological research 110: 276–287. (available online)

Vizini, A., Mello, A. Ghignone, S., Sechi, C., Ruiu, P. & Bonfante, P. 2008. Boletus edulis complex: from phylogenetic relationships to specific primers. – Pagine di Micologia 30: 49–52.

Wittmann-Meixner, B. & Bresinsky, A. 1989. Quantitative differences of nuclear DNA contents in Paxillaceae compared with other families of Boletales. – Mycological Research 93: 282–291.

Wu, Q.-X.,Mueller, G.M.,Lutzoni,F.M., Huang, Y.-Q & Guo, S.-Y. 2000. Phylogenetic and biogeographic relationships of Eastern Asian and Eastern North American disjunct Suillus species (Fungi) as inferred from nuclear ribosomal RNA ITS sequences. – Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 17: 37–47. (available online)