Genera & Species

Monographs & keys

Monographic treatments and keys

This section contains references of the most important monographic treatments, keys and other publications of interest for both professionals and amateurs.

Alessio, C.L. 1985. Boletus Dill. ex L. (sensu lato). In: Fungi Europaei. Vol. 2. Pp. 1705. Libreria editrice Biella Giovanna, Saronno.

Valuable and amply illustrated monograph of the boletes with pores. Many of the taxonomic decisions are now out-of-date, but this is one of the first books trying to cover the bolete diversity in the southern parts of Europe. Valuable addition if not a necessity to anybody trying to get further in bolete studies.

Alessio, C.L. 1991. Supplemento a Boletus Dill. ex L. (sensu lato). In: Fungi Europaei. Vol. 2A. Pp. 1126. Libreria editrice Biella Giovanna, Saronno.

A supplement to Alessios monograph on boletes. As the monograph itself, this book is also a must have for anybody indebted in bolete taxonomy. Available in the Bookstore.

Blum, J. 1962. Les Bolets. Descriptions, d?terminations, classifications, comestibilit?. In: Etudes Mycologiques. Vol. 1. Pp. 1168. Editions Paul Chevalier, Paris.

Classical book on boletes. A necessity for any professional boletologist.

Bresadola, J. 1931. Iconographia Mycologica. Vol. 19. Societa Botanica Italiana, Milano.

Part of the series of iconographs, this volume covers the boletes. Although rather rarely seen these days, this book is a necessity for any professional boletologist. Available online at: Gruppo Micologico “G. Bresadola”

Breitenbach J. & Kr?nzlin F. 1991. Pilze der Schweiz. Bd. 3(1). R?hrlinge und Bl?tterpilze. Verlag Mykologia, Luzern.

Contains threatment of the boletes and their allies of the Swiss mycota. As the other volumes in this series, the book is amply illustrated. As a local treatment it does not include southern species of boletes, but nonetheless it is highly recommendable. English and French editions are also available. Available in the Bookstore.

Den Bakker, H.C. & Noordeloos, M.E. 2005. A revision of European species of Leccinum Gray and notes on extralimital species. Persoonia 18: 511587.

The most recent revision of the European members of this difficult genus in Europe. It is definitively a must have for anybody interested the European boletes.

Engel, H. 1983. Rauhstielr?hrlinge. Die Gattung Leccinum in Europa. Verlag Heinz Engel, Weidhausen b. Coburg.

The classical treatment of the European Leccinum. Valuable book for anybody indebted in the study of the genus.

Engel, H., Krieglsteiner, G., Dermek, A. & Watling, R. 1983. Dickr?hrlinge. Die Gattung Boletus in Europa. Verlag Heinz Engel, Weidhausen b. Coburg.

The classical treatment of the European species of Boletus. Although many taxonomic decisions in this book are now out-of-date, it is still a must have for anybody devoted to the study of the genus.

Engel, H., Dermek, A., Klofac, W., Ludwig, E. & Br?ckner, T. 1996. Schmier – und Filzr?hrlinge s. l. in Europa. Die Gattungen Boletellus, Boletinus, Phylloporus, Suillus, Xerocomus. Verlag Heinz Engel, Weidhausen b. Coburg.

One of the first recent attempts for monographic treatment of the listed genera. Although many of its taxonomic decisions are now out-of-date, this book is indispensable item in any boletologists library.

Estad?s, A. & Lannoy, G. 2004. Les bolets europ?ens. Bulletin Mycologique et Botanique Dauphin?-Savoie 44(3): 379.

A key of the European boletes in French. The taxonomic scheme for some genera is out of date, but it is still a must have for professional boletologists.

Galli, R. 1998. I Boleti. Atlante pratico-monographico per la determinazione dei boleti. Edinatura, Milano.

Out of any doubt this is one of the many most valuable books on the European boleti. Amply illustrated with high quality colour photographs, it is definitively one of the essentials for any boletologist. Two more recent editions are available, see below. Review of the latest edition is available here

Galli, R. 2000. I Boleti. Atlante pratico-monographico per la determinazione dei boleti. Ed. 2. Edinatura, Milano.

Galli, R. 2007. I Boleti. Atlante pratico-monographico per la determinazione dei boleti. Ed. 3. Dalla Natura, Milano.

Gilbert, E.J. 1931. Les livres du mycologue. Vol. 3. Les Bolets. Librarie E. le Fran?ois, Paris.

Classical book on boletes. A necessity for any professional boletologist.

Hansen, L. & Knudsen, H. 1992. Nordic Macromycetes. Vol. 2. Polyporales, Boletales, Agaricales, Russulales. Nordsvamp, Copenhagen.

Recent treatment of the boletes in the Nordic countries, providing excellent keys of the species found in this part of Europe. Newer edition has become available recently, see Knudsen & Vesterholt (2008).

Heinemann, P. 1947. Les Champignons de Belgique. Nos Bolets. Bulletin de la Soci?t? des Naturalistes dOyonnax 1: 118.

Classical publication on the boletes of Belgium, recommendable for any professional boletologist.

Heinemann, P. 1961. Les Bol?tin?es. Les Naturalistes Belges 42: 533.

Another publication of the authors on the boletes, recommendable for professional boletologists.

Kallenbach, F. 1926. Die R?hrlinge (Boletaceae). In: Die Pilze Mitteleuropas. Bd. 1. Pp. 1158+Tabs 155. W. Klinkhardt, Leipzig.

One of the first books devoted solely on the European boletes. It was printed as separate fascicles and remained unfinished due to unfortunate death of the author. Nowadays seen in the larger public libraries. Containing ample descriptions and superb colour plates it is highly recommendable addition to the library of any advanced boletologist.

Kibby, G. 2011. British boletes with keys to species. Published by the author, London.

This is the most recent account on the British boletes, but it also presents most of the European species. Useful keys supplemented by synthetic descriptions and suitable illustrations. A must have for any boletologist. More detailed review is available here.

Klofac, W. 2007. Schl?ssel zur Bestimmung von Frischfunden der europ?ischen Arten der Boletales mit r?hrigem Hymenophor. – ?sterreichische Zeitschrift f?r Pilzkunde 16: 187-279.

Very useful work with keys for identification of the European boletes with pores. Available online (PDF-file, 30 Mb)

Knudsen, H. & Vesterholt, J. [eds.]. 2008. Funga Nordica. Nordsvamp, Kopenhagen.

The recentmost treatment of the boletes in the Nordic countries, providing excellent keys of the species found in this part of Europe. Definitively highly recommendable. Available in the Bookstore.

Konrad, P. & Maublanc, A. 1952. Les Agaricales. Clasiffication, Revision des Esp?ces, Iconographie, Comestibilite. Tome 2. Russulac?es, Hygrophorac?es, Gomphidiac?es, Paxillac?es, Boletac?es. In: Encyclopedie Mycologique. Vol. 20. Paul Lechevalier, Paris.

Classical book that is a necessity for any professional boletologist.

Krieglsteiner, G.J. [Ed.]. 2000. Die Gro?pilze Baden – W?rttembergs. Band 2. St?nderpilze: Leisten-, Keulen-, Korallen- und Stoppelpilze, Bauchpilze, R?hrlings- und T?ublingsartige. Ulmer, Stuttgart.

Excellent local monographic treatment, one of the few of its kind. The book provides keys, descriptions and distribution maps of the boletes with pores and their lamellate allies of this German province. Nearly all of the Central- and West-European boletes are included. Amply illustrated, this book is always useful for people tackling boletes. Available in the Bookstore.

K?hner, R. & Romagnesi, H. 1953. Flore Analytique des Champignons Sup?rieurs (Agarics, Bolets, Chantarelles). Masson, Paris.

Classical book, containing keys for determination of the boletes. Definitively highly recommendable for professional taxonomists libraries.

Leclair, A. & Essette, H. 1969. Les Bolets. In: Atlas Mycologiques. Vol. 2. Pp. 186. Editions Paul Chevalier, Paris.

This pictorial atlas is real rarity, but a must have for any indebted boletologists.

Ladurner, H. & Simonini, G. 2003. Xerocomus s.l. In: Fungi Europaei. Vol. 8. Pp. 1527. Edizioni Candusso, Alassio.

The most recent treatment of this extremely difficult and perplexed genus. The book contains an extensive chapters on the taxonomically important characters and the methodology of study of the xerocomoid boletes, keys and descriptions of the European species. Written in parallel text in Italian and English. Definitively a must have. Available in the Bookstore.

Lannoy, G. & Estad?s, A. 1995. Monographie des Leccinum d’Europe. F?d?ration Mycologique Dauphin?-Savoie.

Recent monograph of this extremely difficult genus. The most recent monographic treatment of the genus (see Den Bakker & Noordeloos 2005) rejected many of the species recognized by Lannoy & Estad?s, but nonetheless this book would be a valuable addition to the libraries of those who want to go further in the Leccinum-studies.

Lannoy, G. & Estad?s, A. 2001. Les Bolets. Flore mycologique dEurope. Documents Mycologiques M?moire Hors s?rie no. 6. Pp. 1163. Association d?cologie et de Mycologie, Lille.

A book on the European boletes in French. The taxonomic scheme for some genera is out of date, but it is still a must have for professional boletologists.

Moser, M. 1955. R?hrlinge und Bl?tterpilze. 2nd edn. Kleine Kryptogamenflora Mitteleuropas. Vol. 2b/2. G. Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart.

Includes keys to the Central European boleti and bolete alies. Many later editions are available.

Moser, M. 1983. Keys to Agarics and Boleti: Polyporales, Boletales, Agaricales, Russulales. Roger Phillips, London [Plant, S., Translator; Kibby, G., Ed.]

English translation of the 5th edition of Moser’s Kleine Kryprogamenflora. Available in the Bookstore.

Mu?oz, J.A. 2005. Boletus s. l. In: Fungi Europaei. Vol. 1. Pp. 1951. Edizioni Candusso, Alassio.

One of the most recent monographs on the European boletes with pores. The book does not include the xerocomoid boletes, treated in another volume of Fungi Europaei (see Ladurner & Simonini 2003). As all the other books in this series the volume contains keys, ample descriptions of the species in question and countless superb colour photographs, microphotographs and drawings. Definitively a must have for any boletologist, both amateurs and professionals. Available in the Bookstore.

N?esch, E. 1920. Die R?hrlinge (Pilzgattung Boletus). Huber & Co. Verlag, Frauenfeld.

One of the first keys of the European boletes. It is an old book, of interest mostly for professional taxonomists.

Pil?t, A. & Dermek, A. 1974. Hr?bovit? huby. ?eskoslovensk? hr?bovit? a sliziakovit? huby (Boletaceae Gomphidiaceae). Veda, Bratislava.

Classical book on the Central European boletes. Amply illustrated by excellent paintings it is a must have for any boletologist

Singer, R. 1965. Die R?hrlinge. I. Die Boletaceae (ohne Boletoideae). In: Die Pilze Mitteleuropas. Vol. 5. Pp. 1131. Julius Klinkhardt Verlag, Bad Heilbrunn.

The first volume of Singers classic monograph on the boletes. The book is rather rare these days, but is one of the essentials for the advanced boletologists.

Singer, R. 1967. Die R?hrlinge. II. Die Boletoideae und Strobilomycetaceae. In: Die Pilze Mitteleuropas. Vol. 6. Pp. 1151. Julius Klinkhardt Verlag, Bad Heilbrunn.

The second volume of the classical Singers treatment of the boletes. As the first volume, this one is also a necessity for anybody who is planning to go further in the study of the boletes.

Sartory, A. & Maire, L. 1931. Monographie du Genre Boletus Dill. Nancy.

A magnificient attempt of the authors to collect all the information about the boletes, available at that time. Valuable reference book containing many descriptions printed in previous editions, many of which difficulty accessed nowadays.

Skiergie??o, A. 1939. Polskie naziemne grzyby rurkowe. Pa?stwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Warszawa.

The first treatment of the Polish boletes. Written in Polish.

Skiergie??o, A. 1960. Grzyby (Fungi), Podstawczaki (Basidiomycetes), Borowikowe (Boletales). In: Kochman, J. & Skiergie??o, A. [eds]. Flora Polska. Pa?stwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Warszawa.

An expanded and more recent treatment of the boletes of the Polish mycota. Written in Polish. Later translation in English is also available, see the record below.

Skirgie??o, A. 1975. Fungi: Basidiomycetes, Boletales. National Center for Scientific, Technical and Economic Information, Springfield.

English translation of Alina Skiergie??o’s treatment of the boletes of Poland.

?utara, J., Mik??k, M. & Janda, V. 2009. H?ibovit? houby. ?eled Boletaceae a rody Gyrodon, Gyroporus, Boletinus a Suillus. Academia, Praha.

An excellent colour atlas of boletes. Contains high quality photographs and descriptions of most European boleti, including some rare and little known species, some of them recently described by the authors. As the book targets mostly the local community in the Czech Republic and Slovakia, it is written in Czech, which makes it a bit difficult to use for people not familiar with slavonic languages. Nonetheless it is a valuable addition to any boletological library.

Watling, R. 1970. Boletaceae, Gomphidiaceae, Paxillaceae. In: Henderson, D.M., Orton, P.D. & Watling, R. [eds]. British fungus flora. Agarics and Boleti. Vol. 1. Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.

The classical treatment of the British boleti, indispensable for anybody indebted in the bolete studies. An updated version is published recently, see Watling & Hills (2005).

Watling, R. 2009. A manual and source book on the boletes and their allies. In: Synopsis Fungorum. Vol. 24. Pp. 1248. Fungiflora, Oslo.

Extremely valuable book where the world-known boletologist Roy Watling summarizes decades of his experience in bolete studies, reflecting the modern view for these fungi. The book contains keys to the genera of Boletales and detailed circumscription of all the genera in this group of fungi, supplemented by the ample comments of the author. The only other thing to say is that no one who is planning to deal with boletes should miss having this invaluable volume. Available in the Bookstore.

Watling, R. & Hills, A.E. 2005. Boletes and their allies (revised and enlarged edition). In: Henderson, D.M., Orton, P.D. & Watling, R. [eds]. British Fungus Flora. Agarics and boleti. Vol. 1. Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.

An update of Watlings treatment of boletes and allied fungi for the British Fungus Flora. A must have. Available in the Bookstore.

, .. 1954. Krombholzia aurantiaca (Roques) Gilib. 5: 681693. [Vassilkov, B.P. 1954. An attempt for study of the species in agarics on the example of Krombholzia aurantiaca (Roques) Gilib. Botanicheskii Zhurnal 5: 681693]

An attempt for treatment of the Leccinum in the USSR. The taxonomic approach is already out of date, so this publication is of interest mostly for professional taxonomists. Published in Russian.

, .. 1965. Boletus edulis Fr. 12: 511. [Vassilkov, B.P. 1965. On the infraspecific taxa example from the study of Boletus edulis Fr. Botanicheskii Zhurnal 12: 511].

An attempt for treatment of the Boletus edulis group in the USSR. The taxonomic approach is already out of date, so this publication is of interest mostly for professional taxonomists. Published in Russian.

, .. 1966. . . , . [Vassilkov, B.P. 1966. Boletus edulis. An attempt for a monograph of a particular species. Nauka Publishing, Moscow Leningrad.].

Another published in Russian attempt of the author for treatment of the Boletus edulis group in the USSR. The taxonomic approach is already out of date, so this publication is of interest mostly for professional taxonomists. The book is also valuable for people interested in productivity of boletes as it offers some summarized information about the knowledge in this topic accumulated by that time in USSR.